Physical therapy (physiotherapy) or physiotherapy treatments is always an additional method in the complex therapy of serious diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system, the human musculoskeletal system, superficial soft tissues and mucous membranes, postoperative and post-traumatic complications.
Restoration of the lost functional usefulness of a tissue injured during a trauma or inflammatory disease with the use of physiotherapy (physiotherapy) is an important measure of prevention of disability-leading lesions in various diseases of the neurological and neurosurgical type.
The most common diseases in organs requiring further physical therapy (physiotherapy):
- Nerves (neuritis, polyneuritis, neuropathy, neuralgia)
- Spine (osteochondrosis, fractures, protrusion and herniated discs)
- Muscles (myositis, fibromyalgia)
- Ligaments (tendovaginitis, contracture, ankylosis)
- Joints (arthritis, arthrosis, periarthrosis)
Elimination of swelling, inflammation, pain, restore range of motion in joints and muscles greatly accelerated by the use of physical therapy (physiotherapy) in the form of its various techniques.
Analgesic effect of currents during physical therapy (physiotherapy) for various traumatic injuries of tissue and musculoskeletal system helps to reduce swelling and stagnation in the lesion.
Improved regional circulation, rhythmic contraction of the muscles and increase metabolic processes in the tissues, a positive effect on the process of resorption and are the basis of the expressed anti-inflammatory effect of physical therapy (physiotherapy).
Physical therapy (physiotherapy) is assigned with chronic diseases with pain syndrome, joint contractures, severe muscular hypotrophy. Sinusoidal modulated currents (SMC) as a method of physical therapy (physiotherapy) are used to relieve hypertonicity of muscles, stimulation of muscles and nerves.
Another form of physical therapy (physiotherapy) is used for medicinal electrophoresis and phonophoresis. At the same time during physical therapy (physiotherapy) great importance is to the unidirectionality of the influence of currents and medications, increased analgesic and vasodilating effect.
Physiotherapy types in our outpatient clinic:
- sinusoidal modulated current (SMC)
- galvanic current (GT)
- electrophoresis, phonophoresis
- infrared radiation (IT)
- electromagnetic field of ultrahigh frequency (UHF)
- diadinamotherapy (DDT)
- multiwave lock system (MLS) laser therapy
Infrared radiation is effectively applied in our clinic as a physical therapy (physiotherapy) for local warming therapy. Infrared lamp emits infrared rays that penetrate deeply under the skin. The result of this procedure, the skin is warmed, dilates blood vessels, stimulates blood flow.
Blood brings substances to restore and nourish body tissues and removes metabolic products more quickly. This means that physical therapy (physiotherapy) with use of the device of infrared therapy can reduce muscle spasm and ease muscle aches in a patient.
Indications for physiotherapy
Possible states for the application of infrared therapy:
- application for sporadic or chronic muscle pains, dry muscles and joints
- application for pain in the lumbar region (lumbago)
- application at chill
- preparations for application at another session, such as a massage
- application for sprains and bruises
- pain killing effect, for example in connection with rheumatic ailments
A list of some typical diseases that require treatment with physiotherapy:
- neuropathies and neuritis:
- traumatic neuritis
- neuropathy is and polyneuropathy (alcoholic, diabetic)
- intercostal and herpetic neuralgia
- pain in the arm and neck (trauma, osteochondrosis)
- carpal tunnel syndrome
- cubital tunnel syndrome
- intervertebral disc herniation and protrusion
- low back pain and sciatica
- neck injury, cervical-cranial syndrome
- Bechterew disease (ankylosing spondylitis)
- sacralization, lumbalization
- arthritis and arthrosis
- myositis, fibromyalgia
- hip joint osteoarthrosis (coxarthrosis)
- knee joint osteoarthrosis (gonarthrosis)
- ankle and foot sprain
- knee joint (ligaments and meniscus) injury
- Epicondylitis ("tennis elbow")
- tenosynovitis, infectious tenosynovitis
- adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder syndrome)
- plantar fasciitis (heel spurs)
- temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction and osteoarthritis