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Antigestil

Antigestil - General Information

A synthetic nonsteroidal estrogen used in the treatment of menopausal and postmenopausal disorders. It was also used formerly as a growth promoter in animals. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), diethylstilbestrol has been listed as a known carcinogen. (Merck, 11th ed)

 

Pharmacology of Antigestil

Antigestil is a synthetic estrogen that was developed to supplement a woman's natural estrogen production. In 1971, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a Drug Bulletin advising physicians to stop prescribing DES to pregnant women because it was linked to a rare vaginal cancer in female offspring.

 

Antigestil for patients

 

Antigestil Interactions

May interact anticoagulants (altered hypo-prothrombinemic effect), barbiturates, rifampin and other inducers of hepatic microsomal enzyme oxidation system (decreased effect of diethylstilbestrol), corticosteroids (increased effect of corticosteroids).

 

Antigestil Contraindications

 

Additional information about Antigestil

Antigestil Indication: Used in the treatment of prostate cancer. Previously used in the prevention of miscarriage or premature delivery in pregnant women prone to miscarriage or premature delivery.
Mechanism Of Action: Estrogens diffuse into their target cells and interact with a protein receptor. Target cells include the female reproductive tract, the mammary gland, the hypothalamus, and the pituitary. Estrogens increase the hepatic synthesis of sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), thyroid-binding globulin (TBG), and other serum proteins and suppress follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) from the anterior pituitary. The combination of an estrogen with a progestin suppresses the hypothalamic-pituitary system, decreasing the secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH).
Drug Interactions: Amobarbital The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Aprobarbital The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Butabarbital The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Butalbital The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Butethal The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Ethotoin The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Fosphenytoin The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Griseofulvin The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Heptabarbital The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Hexobarbital The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Mephenytoin The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Methohexital The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Methylphenobarbital The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Pentobarbital The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Phenobarbital The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Phenytoin The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Prednisolone The estrogenic agent increases the effect of corticosteroid
Prednisone The estrogenic agent increases the effect of corticosteroid
Primidone The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Raloxifene Association not recommended
Secobarbital The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Talbutal The enzyme inducer decreases the effect of hormones
Ursodeoxycholic acid Estrogens decreases the effect of ursodiol
Food Interactions: Not Available
Generic Name: Diethylstilbestrol
Synonyms: DEB; DES; Diethylstilbesterol; Diethylstilbestrol BP; Diethylstilboesterol; Dietilestilbestrol; Percutatrine oestrogenique iscovesco; Rcra waste number U089; trans-Diethylstilbesterol; trans-Diethylstilbestrol; trans-Diethylstilboesterol
Drug Category: Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal; Carcinogens; Estrogens, Non-Steroidal
Drug Type: Small Molecule; Approved
Other Brand Names containing Diethylstilbestrol: Acnestrol; Agostilben; Antigestil; Bio-des; Bufon; Climaterine; Comestrol; Comestrol estrobene; Cyren; Cyren A; Dawe's destrol; Desma; Destrol; Di-Estryl; DiBestrol 2 Premix; Diastyl; Dibestrol; Dicorvin; Distilbene; Domestrol; Dyestrol; Estilben; Estilbin MCO; Estril; Estrobene; Estrogenine; Estromenin; Estrosyn; Follidiene; Fonatol; Grafestrol; Gynopharm; Hi-Bestrol; Idroestril; Iscovesco; Makarol; Menostilbeen; Micrest; Microest; Milestrol; Neo-Oestranol I; New-Estranol 1; OeKolp; Oestrogenine; Oestrol vetag; Oestromenin; Oestromensil; Oestromensyl; Oestromienin; Oestromon; Pabestrol; Palestrol; Protectona; Rumestrol 1; Rumestrol 2; Sedestran; Serral; Sexocretin; Sibol; Sintestrol; Stibilium; Stil; Stil-Rol; Stilbestroform; Stilbestrol; Stilbestrone; Stilbetin; Stilboefral; Stilboestroform; Stilboestrol; Stilbofolin; Stilbofollin; Stilbol; Stilkap; Stilphostrol; Synestrin; Synthestrin; Synthoestrin; Synthofolin; Syntofolin; Tampovagan stilboestrol; Tylosterone; Vagestrol; neo-Oestranol 1; strobene;
Absorption: Not Available
Toxicity (Overdose): Symptoms of overdose include nausea and vomiting, and withdrawal bleeding may occur in females.
Protein Binding: Not Available
Biotransformation: Hepatic.
Half Life: Not Available
Dosage Forms of Antigestil: Tablet Oral
Chemical IUPAC Name: 4-[4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)hex-3-en-3-yl]phenol
Chemical Formula: C18H20O2
Diethylstilbestrol on Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diethylstilbestrol
Organisms Affected: Humans and other mammals