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Ketonuria (ketone bodies in urine)


Ketonuria (ketone bodies in urine)

Ketonuria (ketone bodies in urine) - is revealing in the urine ketone bodies. Ketone bodies - acetone, acetoacetic acid and beta-hydroxybutyric acid in urine are found together. Normally, the urine stands 20-50 mg of ketone bodies per day, are not detected by conventional qualitative tests.

Ketone bodies appear in urine in impairment of metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins, which is accompanied by an increase in ketogenesis in the tissues and the accumulation of ketones in the blood (ketonemia).

Ketonemia can also occur when:

  • unbalanced diet
  • pregnancy
  • starvation
  • fever
  • alcohol intoxication
  • poisoning
  • infectious diseases (scarlet fever, influenza, meningitis)

The urine ketone bodies appear in ketonemii. Ketonuria (ketone bodies in urine) in the postoperative period due to the collapse of the protein as a result of surgical trauma.

In adults, ketonuria (ketone bodies in urine) is more common in severe diabetes. Ketonuria in diabetes develops due to enhanced ketogenesis and impairments ketoliza. Leads to increased ketogenesis increased mobilization of fat from adipose tissue, reducing the formation oksalatsetata in the Krebs cycle, reducing the biosynthesis of fatty acids.

In severe diabetes, is accompanied by damage of kidney tissue (the cleavage site of ketones), there is an additional impairment ketolisys.


If you have any questions about the diagnosis or treatment of ketonuria (ketone bodies in urine), you can specify them with our urologist or a nephrologist on the phone: +7 (926) 988-14-23



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