Sciatic nerve neuropathy (neuritis)
Sciatic nerve (n. ischiadicus) — is mixed in the functions (also responsible for movement and sensitivity) of the nerve. The most powerful nerve of the human body, consisting of fibers L5, S1, S2, SZ - spinal nerves.
Formation of the sciatic nerve from the sacral plexus.
Only a very high loss of sciatic nerve - above the gluteal folds, except for loss functions of the tibial and peroneal nerves may result in loss of function of muscles innervated by the nerve of the thigh, to the impossibility of bending the leg. The most common in clinical practice is post-injection sciatic neuropathy.
Such high level lesion sciatic nerve is often accompanied by a simultaneous damage and posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh. Naturally, the complete damage of the sciatic nerve affects the function of both its branches - the tibial and peroneal nerve, which gives the main symptom of neuropathy (neuritis) in the form of complete paralysis of the foot and toes, loss of Achilles tendon reflex and anesthesia of almost all leg and foot.
The course of the sciatic nerve at the posterior part of the thigh.
Lesions of the sciatic nerve (sciatic nerve neuropathy) may be accompanied by severe pain. During stimulation of the sciatic nerve is a characteristic symptom of Lasegue (Lasegue test).
If a patient in the supine position to bend the hip (raise) the knee straightened leg, the pain occurs on the sciatic nerve, ie, the posterior surface of the femur and tibia (the first phase of Lasegue test). If the leg flex the knee, further flexion of the hip is painless (the second phase of Lasegue test).
Compression of the sciatic nerve by herniated disk causes the "irritation" of pain throughout the leg.
Anatomic division of the sciatic nerve on tibial and peroneal nerve typically occurs in the upper part of the popliteal fossa. However, it is a distinct subepinevrium separation of fibula and tibia portions of the sciatic nerve is usually carried out even in the pelvic cavity.
Diagnosis of the level of damage to the sciatic nerve neuropathy (neuritis) produced by ENG.
Injuries such a large nerve as the sciatic nerve is rarely complete. Often suffers more than one or another portion of the sciatic nerve.
Elimination of pain, paresthesia, tingling, and restoration of sensitivity in the leg in the treatment of the sciatic nerve neuropathy (neuritis) is accelerated by the use of physiotherapy.
Neurostimulation (physiotherapy) eliminates crawling, tingling, pain and Silences, regains power in the muscles in the treatment of the sciatic nerve neuropathy (neuritis).
Treatment options of sciatic nerve neuropathy (neuritis) chosen individually in each case. It includes a set of conservative procedures:
- stimulation of nerve and muscle
- vitamins (B, C and E)
- antiviral drugs
- homeopathic remedies
- surgery (neurolysis, nerve trunk cross-linking, etc.)
The use of acupuncture is very effective in the treatment of the sciatic nerve neuropathy (neuritis).
If you have any questions about diagnostic and treatment of the sciatic nerve neuropathy (neuritis), you can ask them to our neurosurgeon or neurologist: (499) 130–08–09
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Cubital tunnel syndrome
- Eyeball and visual pathway:
- Peripheral neuropathies (neuritis):
- Facial nerve neuropathy (neuritis), Bell's palsy
- Median nerve neuropathy (neuritis)
- Peroneal nerve neuropathy (neuritis)
- Radial nerve neuropathy (neuritis)
- Sciatic nerve neuropathy (traumatic neuritis)
- Tibial nerve neuropathy (neuritis)
- Trigeminal nerve neuropathy (traumatic neuritis)
- Ulnar nerve neuropathy (neuritis)
- Neuropathy and polyneuropathy (alcoholic, diabetic)
- Optic nerve and retina diseases:
- Opto-chiasmatic arachnoiditis (optic chiasm)
- Pain in the arm and neck (trauma, osteochondrosis)
- Sciatica, leg pain (hernia and protrusion of the disc)
- Traumatic neuropathies (neuritis)
- Trigeminal neuralgia
- Tumors of peripheral nerves