Ingrown nail — a disease in which states ingrown nail plate, usually the big toe into the soft tissue of nail roll, which leads to pain and chronic inflammations.
The main cause of ingrown nail disease is the excessive pressure from the nail on the soft tissue of nail ridge caused by wearing improperly selected footwear. Important in razvitiivrosshego nail has nail presence of irregular shape, which in most cases is the result of improper care of nails.
Typical localization of ingrown nail on the first toe.
Ingrown nail pain manifests itself in the foot and toe-growing side of the nail plate into the soft tissues okolonogtevogo roller. If ingrown nails pain appears in the ungual phalanx of big toe. Leather Nail Cushion inflamed, swells, becomes painful when pressed. Wearing shoes in the period of acute inflammation ingrown nail is difficult. Sooner or later, is joining infection that is accompanied by the appearance of symptoms of local inflammation (redness, swelling, pain, suppuration).
In most cases the diagnosis of ingrown nail is not difficult. Diagnosis ingrown nail can be installed after inspection and physical examination. Perform additional instrumental methods for ingrown nails is necessary only in case of suspicion on the distribution of the pus on the phalanx bone.
In cases where the symptoms of ingrown nail expressed minimal, conservative treatment can be quite effective. Pressure on the thumb should be reduced by wearing comfortable shoes with open toe, for example sandals. In some cases, significant relief for ingrown nails can bring walking barefoot for a few days.
Often, to ease the pain of ingrown nails patients hog thumb nail, which should be avoided. Nail clipping can lead to increased pain and cause deformation of the type of fishing hook. Patients with ingrown nails tub with warm salt water help to reduce pain and inflammation in patients with ingrown nails.
Hygienic nail care of the child with nail files.
In the case of nail infection cushion with ingrown nails may be prescribed antibiotics topically in the form of ointments. In more severe cases, patients with ingrown nails may be assigned to a course of systemic antibiotic therapy.
If as a result of chronic inflammation of the ingrown nail is developing tissue hypertrophy of nail roller, to cure the disease may require surgical intervention. In mild cases, removal of part of the hypertrophic nail cushion can reduce symptoms of inflammation and irritation.
Within a few months after surgery for ingrown nail is the nail plate shape recovery. In cases of severe deformation of the nail showed complete removal of the nail plate and the germinal matrix. After this operation there is no regeneration of the nail plate. Such an operation for ingrown nails done very rarely.
In more severe cases of ingrown nails may require removal of the nail plate germinal zone.
Often the ingrown nail can be struck fungi (fungal nail infections).
Type of surgery / manipulation
|Outpatient treatment of ingrown nail||4 000 rub.|
|Ligation, removal of drains, removal of sutures||500 rub.|
If you have any questions about the diagnosis or treatment of ingrown nail, you can specify them with our surgeon or trauma on the phone: (499) 130-08-09