Klazomania was the term applied to the motor and vocal tics seen as a sequel to encephalitis lethargica (von Economo’s disease), along with parkinsonism and oculogyric crises. This observation helped to promote the idea that tics were due to neurological disease rather than being psychogenic, for example in Gilles de la Tourette syndrome.


Wohlfart G, Ingvar DH, Hellberg AM. Compulsory shouting (Benedek’s "klazomania") associated with oculogyric spasm in chronic epidemic encephalitis. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 1961; 36: 369-377


Cross References

Coprolalia; Echolalia; Parakinesia, Parakinesis; Tic