Abdominal CT scan
Abdominal CT scan should be performed on multislice computed tomography (MSCT).
Abdominal CT scan - liver, gallbladder, and pancreas system - preferably carried out after a preliminary ultrasound examination of this anatomical region. It is advisable to computed tomography (CT scans) of the abdominal cavity to bring a conclusion and images obtained in the study, even if the ultrasonography was not found pathology.
Abdominal CT scan (liver and pancreas) is indicated:
- with suspected primary or secondary lesions of the liver and bile ducts, fatty, abscesses, three-dimensional formation (cysts, including parasitic), liver cirrhosis
- the presence of clinical manifestations of obstructive jaundice
- to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment in the dynamics of tumor lesions
- during hepatomegaly of unknown origin
- in traumatic injuries
- during hepatocerebral dystrophy
- during cholelithiasis for exceptions or suspected presence of stones in the bile duct
- during acute and chronic pancreatitis
- for suspected neoplasm, primary and secondary tumor
- in ischemic lesions of parenchymal abdominal organs
Abdominal CT scan (liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and system) is the method of choice for the differential diagnosis of parenchymal structures of the abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space.
Currently, abdominal CT scan (liver, gall bladder, pancreas) is the most informative method of diagnosis and differential diagnosis of focal lesions of the liver - metastasis, hemangioma, adenoma, focal nodular hyperplasia, hepatocellular carcinoma, and other tumors and tumor processes.
Abdominal CT scan reveals a well-dense and cystic tumors of the pancreas.
The perfect complement to abdominal CT scan is a contrast-enhanced computed cholangiopancreatography - that is computed (CT) imaging of the gallbladder and bile ducts. It allows you to receive a bright signal on the free liquid (bile) and is a non-invasive alternative to diagnostic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), involving a high rate of complications.
Computer (CT) cholangiography has been used successfully in the diagnosis of anomalies and bile duct strictures, sclerosing cholangitis, choledocholithiasis, ie detection of stones in the gallbladder and bile ducts.
Indications for computed tomography (CT) scan of the kidneys and adrenal glands:
- patients with contraindications (intolerance to iodinated contrast) to the excretory urography
- to clarify the nature of the tumors, detected by other instrumental methods (differentiation of normal anatomic variants of the structure from the pathological changes, as well as cysts from the cystic changes during tumor processes in the kidney)
- patients with clinical findings suggestive of renal tumors
- for diagnosis of paranephric pathological processes
- for suspected abnormality of the urinary system
Computed tomography (CT) scan of the kidneys and adrenal glands is an effective method of diagnosis and with high accuracy to differentiate the adrenal (malignant, benign) using specific protocols, highly sensitive to the presence of intracellular fat in the adenomas.