Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the knee joint
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the knee joint is one of the most promising and rapidly improving methods of modern diagnostics.
When carrying out magnetic resonance imaging of the knee joint, the doctor gets the opportunity not only to investigate structural and pathological changes, but also to evaluate the physicochemical, pathophysiological processes of the entire knee joint as a whole or its individual structures.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the knee joint allows you to obtain a series of thin sections, build a three-dimensional reconstruction of the area under study, highlight the vasculature and even individual nerve trunks and vessels passing in the projection of the knee joint.
Such a reconstruction during magnetic resonance imaging of the knee joint provides invaluable assistance to the surgeon in planning surgery on the knee joint and for subsequent postoperative monitoring of the patient's condition.
Early diagnosis with magnetic resonance imaging of the knee, such as for knee ligament injury or meniscus tear that occurs when the lower leg is tucked inward or outward, more commonly in winter on slippery ice, ice-covered pitches, and steps, and can occur when jumping from a low height, allows you to start treating the disease promptly.
With the help of magnetic resonance imaging of the knee joint, it is possible to simultaneously demonstrate the joint itself and soft tissues around it over a large area without the introduction of contrast agents into the joint cavity and without the use of ionizing radiation (X-ray, computed tomography), to determine the localization and size of tumors, the cartilaginous surface of the joints, muscles, and tendons.
Currently, magnetic resonance imaging has come to the fore in the diagnosis of most diseases of the knee joint, pushing aside such methods as radiography and computed tomography (CT).
Diseases for which a patient can be prescribed and performed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the knee joint:
- injury in the knee joint (articular surfaces, meniscus, ligaments, muscles and tendons);
- dislocation of the knee joint;
- deforming osteoarthritis (arthrosis) of the knee joint (gonarthrosis);
- tumors in the area of the knee joint (contrast agent may be used).
Our patients are invited to undergo an MRI of the knee joint using a device with a magnetic field of 3.0 T (Tesla). It is also possible to conduct MRI with intravenous contrast (Omniscan contrast) to increase the visual difference between healthy tissue and tumor. Weight restriction (for a patient with a large weight) during magnetic resonance imaging - up to 200 kg.