Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the shoulder joint
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the shoulder joint is one of the most promising and rapidly improving methods of modern diagnostics. At the same time, the doctor gets the opportunity not only to investigate structural and pathological changes but also to evaluate the physicochemical, pathophysiological processes of the entire shoulder joint as a whole or of its structures.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the shoulder joint allows you to obtain a series of thin sections, build a three-dimensional reconstruction of the area under study, highlight the vasculature and even individual nerve trunks and vessels passing in the projection of the shoulder joint.
Such hardware reconstruction on an MRI tomograph provides invaluable assistance to the surgeon in planning surgery on the shoulder and shoulder joint, and for subsequent postoperative control.
Early diagnosis allows early treatment of the disease. The ability, using magnetic resonance imaging, to simultaneously demonstrate the joint itself and the soft tissues around it over a large area without the introduction of contrast agents into the joint cavity and without the use of ionizing radiation (X-ray), to determine the localization and size of tumors, the cartilaginous surface of joints, muscles, and tendons.
Currently, magnetic resonance imaging of the shoulder joint has come to the fore in the diagnosis of most diseases of the shoulder joint, pushing aside such methods as X-ray and CT.
When can a magnetic resonance imaging of the shoulder joint be prescribed:
- shoulder arthritis
- humeral periarthrosis (arthrosis of the shoulder joint, adhesive capsulitis, frozen shoulder syndrome)
- tumor cell metastases
- soft tissue injuries of the shoulder joint (capsule, ligaments, muscles)
- shoulder dislocation
Our patients are invited to undergo an MRI of the shoulder joint using a device with a magnetic field of 3.0 T (Tesla). It is also possible to conduct MRI with intravenous contrast (Omniscan contrast) to increase the visual difference between healthy tissue and tumor. Weight restriction (for a patient with a large weight) during magnetic resonance imaging - up to 200 kg.