Clavicle bone dislocation
Clavicle bone dislocation on both of its ends are observed quite frequently. Dislocations sternal end of the clavicle - almost always come from the front and the force of the front surface of the shoulder: an image with the double-arm lever, a fulcrum on I rib, the front end of the clavicle is issued ahead, giving a partial or complete dislocation of the front - the most frequent.
Upper dislocated clavicle - obtained from a blow to the outer end of the collarbone as to form a lever with a fulcrum on I rib. Posterior dislocation of the clavicle - usually occurs from a direct blow to the chest at the sternal end of the clavicle. All these dislocated collarbone easily recognized during the inspection of the patient's eye is already swelling in the sternal end of the clavicle or in place to deepen its attachment at the posterior dislocation of the clavicle.
With posterior dislocation clavicle its articular head behind the breastbone presses on the windpipe and esophagus. The rest of the dislocations clavicle give almost no dysfunctions. Acromioclavicular dislocations of clavicle are more common. These dislocations of clavicle with rupture of a ligament acromioclavicular give subluxation clavicle, it turns full after the break and rostral-clavicular ligament.
Supra-clavicle acromial dislocations occur from hitting the top of the acromion - and, consequently, you can talk about the dislocation of the shoulder blade. Podakromialnye dislocations clavicle obtained from the direct efforts at the outer end of clavicle, which moves down here and gives a stepped recess. All these dislocations clavicle is so typical that even the set at the first examination of the patient.
All clavicle dislocation reduce a simple finger pressure, but just as easily they immediately appear from under the thumb. Fixing bandages and splints as little helps retain ends. Sometimes surgery is necessary - stitching on the bag and bundles of 3-4 weeks of fixing the entire limb bandage desault. Surgical intervention is particularly subject to the rear sternal dislocation to prevent the occurrence of complications in the windpipe.
Sternum and dislocated rib
Dislocation of the sternum are rare. There are only dislocations of xiphoid and handle backwards from the body of the sternum. Dislocations of the ribs head articular surface are so rare that some authors doubt even the possibility of their existence.
The procedure for reduction of dislocation rib is carried out using osteopathic techniques of manipulation and does not require anesthesia.