Carbachol hydrochloride - General Information
A slowly hydrolyzed cholinergic agonist that acts at both muscarinic and nicotinic receptors.
Pharmacology of Carbachol hydrochloride
Carbachol hydrochloride is a potent cholinergic (parasympathomimetic) agent which produces constriction of the iris and ciliary body resulting in reduction in intraocular pressure. The exact mechanism by which carbachol lowers intraocular pressure is not precisely known. In the cat and rat, carbachol is well-known for its ability to induce rapid eye movement (REM) sleep when microinjected into the pontine reticular formation. Carbachol hydrochloride elicits this REM sleep-like state via activation of postsynaptic muscarinic cholinergic receptors (mAChRs).
Carbachol hydrochloride for patients
Carbachol hydrochloride Interactions
No information provided.
Carbachol hydrochloride Contraindications
Should not be used in those persons showing hypersensitivity to any of the components of this preparation.
Additional information about Carbachol hydrochloride
Carbachol hydrochloride Indication: Primarily used in the treatment of glaucoma, but is also used during ophthalmic surgery.
Mechanism Of Action: Carbachol hydrochloride is a parasympathomimetic that stimulates both muscarinic and nicotinic receptors. In topical ocular and intraocular administration its principal effects are miosis and increased aqueous humour outflow.
Drug Interactions: Not Available
Food Interactions: Not Available
Generic Name: Carbachol
Synonyms: Not Available
Drug Category: Analgesics, Non-Narcotic; Cardiotonic Agents; Cholinergic Agonists; Miotics
Drug Type: Small Molecule; Approved
Absorption: Not well absorbed in the gastro-intestinal tract, and does not cross the blood-brain barrier.
Toxicity (Overdose): Oral, mouse: LD50 = 15 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 40 mg/kg.
Protein Binding: Not Available
Biotransformation: Not Available
Half Life: Not Available
Dosage Forms of Carbachol hydrochloride: Liquid Subcutaneous
Chemical IUPAC Name: 2-carbamoyloxyethyl-trimethylazanium
Chemical Formula: C6H15N2O2+
Carbachol on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbachol
Organisms Affected: Humans and other mammals