Citanest - General Information

A local anesthetic that is similar pharmacologically to lidocaine. Currently, it is used most often for infiltration anesthesia in dentistry. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p165)


Pharmacology of Citanest

Citanest, a hydantoin anticonvulsant, is used alone or with phenobarbital or other anticonvulsants to manage tonic-clonic seizures, psychomotor seizures, neuropathic pain syndromes including diabetic neuropathy, digitalis-induced cardiac arrhythmias, and cardiac arrhythmias associated with QT-interval prolongation.


Additional information about Citanest

Citanest Indication: Used as a local anaesthetic
Mechanism Of Action: Citanest acts on sodium channels on the neuronal cell membrane, limiting the spread of seizure activity and reducing seizure propagation. The antiarrhythmic actions are mediated through effects on sodium channels in Purkinje fibers.
Drug Interactions: Not Available
Food Interactions: Not Available
Generic Name: Prilocaine
Synonyms: Not Available
Drug Category: Anesthetics; Local Anesthetics
Drug Type: Small Molecule; Approved

Other Brand Names containing Prilocaine: Astra 1512; Astra 1515; Citanest; Citanest Plain; Propitocaine;
Absorption: Not Available
Toxicity (Overdose): Not Available
Protein Binding: 98%
Biotransformation: Not Available
Half Life: Not Available
Dosage Forms of Citanest: Solution Infiltration
Chemical IUPAC Name: N-(2-methylphenyl)-2-propylaminopropanamide
Chemical Formula: C13H20N2O
Prilocaine on Wikipedia:
Organisms Affected: Humans and other mammals