Iletin II - General Information
Insulin isolated from pig pancreas. Composed of alpha and beta chains, processed from pro-insulin. Forms a hexameric structure
Pharmacology of Iletin II
Insulin is used in the treatment of type I and type II diabetes. The primary activity of insulin is the regulation of glucose metabolism. In muscle and other tissues (except the brain), insulin causes rapid transport of glucose and amino acids intracellularly. It also promotes anabolism, and inhibits protein catabolism. In the liver, insulin promotes the uptake and storage of glucose in the form of glycogen, inhibits gluconeogenesis, and promotes the conversion of excess glucose into fat.
Additional information about Iletin II
Iletin II Indication: For the treatment of diabetes (type I and II)
Mechanism Of Action: Insulin binds to the insulin receptor (IR), a heterotetrameric protein consisting of two extracellular alpha units and two transmembrane beta units. The binding of insulin to the alpha subunit of IR stimulates the tyrosine kinase activity intrinsic to the beta subunit of the receptor. The bound receptor is able to autophosphorylate and phosphorylate numerous intracellular substrates such as insulin receptor substrates (IRS) proteins, Cbl, APS, Shc and Gab 1. These activated proteins, in turn, lead to the activation of downstream signaling molecules including PI3 kinase and Akt. Akt regulates the activity of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) and protein kinase C (PKC) which play a critical role in metabolism and catabolism.
Drug Interactions: Not Available
Food Interactions: Not Available
Generic Name: Insulin, porcine
Synonyms: Insulin precursor
Drug Category: Hypoglycemic Agents
Drug Type: Biotech; Approved
Absorption: Not Available
Toxicity (Overdose): Not Available
Protein Binding: Not Available
Biotransformation: Insulin is predominantly cleared by metabolic degradation via a receptor-mediated process.
Half Life: Not Available
Dosage Forms of Iletin II: Not Available
Chemical IUPAC Name: Porcine insulin
Chemical Formula: C257H387N65O76S6
Insulin, porcine on Wikipedia: Not Available
Organisms Affected: Humans and other mammals