Podophyllotoxin - General Information
A lignan (lignans) found in podophyllin resin from the roots of podophyllum plants. It is a potent spindle poison, toxic if taken internally, and has been used as a cathartic. It is very irritating to skin and mucous membranes, has keratolytic actions, has been used to treat warts and keratoses, and may have antineoplastic properties, as do some of its congeners and derivatives. [PubChem]
Pharmacology of Podophyllotoxin
Podophyllotoxin, also called podophyllotoxin, is a purer and more stable form of podophyllin in which only the biologically active portion of the compound is present. Podophyllotoxin is used to remove certain types of warts on the outside skin of the genital areas.
Podophyllotoxin for patients
The patient should be provided with a Patient Information leaflet when a Podofilox Topical Solution prescription is filled.
No information provided.
Podofilox Topical Solution 0.5% is contraindicated for patients who develop hypersensitivity or intolerance to any component of the formulation.
Additional information about Podophyllotoxin
Podophyllotoxin Indication: For treatment of external genital warts (Condyloma acuminatum).
Mechanism Of Action: The exact mechanism of action is unknown.
Drug Interactions: Not Available
Food Interactions: Not Available
Generic Name: Podofilox
Synonyms: Podophyllinic acid lactone
Drug Category: Antimitotic agent; Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; Keratolytic Agents
Drug Type: Small Molecule; Approved
Other Brand Names containing Podofilox: Podophyllotoxin 7; Podophyllotoxin;
Absorption: Topical application of 0.05 mL of 0.5% podofilox solution to external genitalia did not result in detectable serum levels. Applications of 0.1 to 1.5 mL resulted in peak serum levels of 1 to 17 ng/mL one to two hours after application.
Toxicity (Overdose): Not Available
Protein Binding: Not Available
Biotransformation: Not Available
Half Life: 1.0 to 4.5 hours.
Dosage Forms of Podophyllotoxin: Liquid Topical
Chemical IUPAC Name: 5,8,8a,9-Tetrahydro-9-hydroxy-5-(3,4,5-trimethoxylphenyl)furo [3',4':6,7] naphtho [2,3,d]-1,3-dioxol-6(5aH)-one
Chemical Formula: C22H22O8
Podofilox on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Podofilox
Organisms Affected: Condyloma acuminatum