Acalculia - loss of the ability to perform simple calculations, typically resulting from disease or injury of the parietal lobe of the brain.
Acatagraphia - incorrect placement of the words when writing.
Acataphasia - violation of the correct arrangement of words during a conversation.
Acauria - molestation, obsession, importunity.
Accomodation (accomodatio) - the ability of the eye to change the focal length by contracting and relaxing the ciliary muscle of the eyeball.
Acheirokinesis - poverty movements, and lack of swinging of the arms when walking.
Acoasma - auditory hallucinations in the form of noise, thunder, ringing, etc.
Acrodynia - pain in the extremities (erythredema, trophodermatoneurosis, Selter's disease and other synonyms)
Acromegaly - excessive disproportionate enlargement of the limbs, jaws, lips, tongue and other parts of the body; abnormal growth of the hands, feet, and face, caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the pituitary gland.
Acroparesthesia - a violation of sensitivity in the distal parts of the extremities (attacks of tingling sensations, cold, running goosebumps, etc.).
Acusmatampesia (асusmаtаmnеsis) - inability to remember words.
Adduction (adductio) - the movement of a limb or other part towards the midline of the body or towards another part.
Adhesion (adllaesio) - an abnormal adhering of surfaces due to inflammation or injury.
Adiadochokinesis - violation of the correct alternation of opposite movements (flexion and extension, supination and pronation).
Affect (affectus) - emotional excitement, passion, excitement with the loss of volitional control.
Agenesis - the congenital absence or underdevelopment of an organ (part of it) or part of the body (aplasia).
Ageusia - lack of taste sensations.
Agnosia - inability to interpret sensations and hence to recognize things, typically as a result of brain damage.
Agraphia - inability to write, as a language disorder resulting from brain damage.
Akinesia - the absence of voluntary movements; loss or impairment of the power of voluntary movement.
Alalia - motor and sensory speech disorders in children.
Alexia - loss of the ability to read; inability to recognize or read written words or letters, typically as a result of brain damage.
Allochiria - perception of a sensation at a symmetrical point in the other half of the body.
Alteration (alteratio) - changes in the structure of cells, tissues and organs, accompanied by a violation of their vital activity.
Ambivalence (ambivalentio) - the opposite assessment of the same phenomenon or fact; the state of having mixed feelings or contradictory ideas about something or someone.
Amentia - nonsense, confusion of consciousness with hallucinations; amentia is a severe congenital mental disability.
Amnesia - a partial or total loss or weakening of memory.
Anaplasia - is a change in the biological properties of cells, a decrease in their differentiation and a weakening of their relationships in the body; the loss of the mature or specialized features of a cell or tissue, as in malignant tumors.
Anarthria - impaired speech, modulation of sounds.
Anorexia Nervosa (anorexia) - lack of appetite; lack or loss of appetite for food (as a medical condition).
Anosognosia - denial or lack of consciousness of one's physical defect.
Apathy (apathia) - indifference, indifference, lack of emotions and interests; lack of enthusiasm, or concern.
Aphasia (aphasia) - impaired perception and reproduction of speech; inability (or impaired ability) to understand or produce speech, as a result of brain damage.
Aphonia - the absence or soundlessness of the voice; inability to speak through disease of or damage to the larynx or mouth.
Apituitarism (apituitarisis) - the absence of a cerebral appendage of the pituitary gland; the lack of a pituitary, or the loss of its function.
Apoplexy (apoplexia) - sudden stroke, paralysis (cerebral hemorrhage); unconsciousness or incapacity resulting from a cerebral haemorrhage or stroke.
Apopsychia - a fainting state.
Apraxia - loss of skills and appropriate habitual actions; inability to perform particular purposive actions, as a result of brain damage.
Astasia (asthasia) - loss of balance and ability to stand.
Astereognosis - tactile (touch) agnosia.
Asthenia (asthenia) - physical and mental weakness or exhaustion; abnormal physical weakness or lack of energy.
Asymbolia - is a violation of perception and understanding of conventional symbols and signs (facial expressions, gestures, writing, etc.).
Asynergia - the inability to combine simple movements in the motor act, the disappearance friendly movements.
Ataxia - disorder of coherence and coordination of voluntary movements; the loss of full control of bodily movements.
Athetosis - worm-like involuntary movements (muscle contractions) mainly of the fingers and toes; a condition in which abnormal muscle contraction causes involuntary writhing movements; it affects some people with cerebral palsy, impairing speech and use of the hands.
Atimia (athymia) - despondency, gloomy mood.
Aura - a precursor to an epileptic seizure; a warning sensation experienced before an attack of epilepsy or migraine.
Autism (autismus) - immersion in oneself and isolation from the outside world; a developmental disorder of variable severity that is characterized by difficulty in social interaction and communication and by restricted or repetitive patterns of thought and behavior.
Autopoagnosia - impaired orientation in your own body.
Catalepsy - numbness and freezing in a certain position, waxy flexibility; a medical condition characterized by a trance or seizure with a loss of sensation and consciousness accompanied by rigidity of the body.
Cataplexy (cataplexia) - a sudden drop in muscle tone; a medical condition in which strong emotion or laughter causes a person to suffer sudden physical collapse though remaining conscious.
Catatonia (catatonia) is a violation of voluntary movements, a kind of muscle contraction in schizophrenia; a state of immobility and stupor; abnormality of movement and behaviour arising from a disturbed mental state (typically schizophrenia). It may involve repetitive or purposeless overactivity, or catalepsy, resistance to passive movement, and negativism.
Confabulation (сonfаbulatio) - wishful thinking, fiction to fill in the gaps in memory.
Convergence - movement of the eyes towards each other, in which the gaze will focus on the bridge of the nose.
Coprolalia - the desire to shout swear words; the involuntary and repetitive use of obscene language, as a symptom of mental illness or organic brain disease.
Cryptomnesia - deceptions of memory, when they do not distinguish someone else's, read or heard in memories from their own data.
Hemianesthesia - impaired sensitivity in one half of the body.
Hemianopsia - half loss of the visual field; blindness over half the field of vision.
Hemiballismus - rough in the form of a throw hyperkinesis of the limbs of one side.
Hemiparesis - incomplete paralysis of half of the body; another term for hemiplegia.
Hemiplegia (hemiplegia) - paralysis (loss of movement) of half of the body; paralysis of one side of the body
Hemiprasaplegia (hemiprasaplegia) - paralysis of half of the face.
Herpes (zoster, simplex) - a virus that infects the membranes of the nerve root and manifests itself in the form of a rash of vesicles with soreness (see Neuralgia); any of a group of virus diseases caused by herpesviruses, affecting the skin (often with blisters) or the nervous system.
Hirsutism (hyrsutismus) - early development with disorders in the genital area, obesity and hypertrichosis in women; abnormal growth of hair on a woman's face and body.
Hyperesthesia - increased painful skin sensitivity; excessive physical sensitivity, especially of the skin.
Hyperkinesis - various involuntary movements; muscle spasm; a disorder of children marked by hyperactivity and inability to concentrate.
Hyperpathy (hyperpathia) - perversion of sensitivity.
Hypersomnia (huregsamnia) - attacks of pathological drowsiness.
Hypesthesia (hypaesthesia) - a decrease in sensitivity; a diminished capacity for physical sensation, especially of the skin.
Hypochondria - low mood, excessive fixation and exaggeration of their painful sensations; abnormal chronic anxiety about one's health.
Hysteria - a kind of neurosis; exaggerated or uncontrollable emotion or excitement; an old-fashioned term for a psychological disorder characterized by conversion of psychological stress into physical symptoms (somatization) or a change in self-awareness (such as a fugue state or selective amnesia).
Imbecility (imbесillitаs) - average degree (between idiot and debility) mental retardation.
Insanity - extreme physical and mental (moral) depletion or impotence; the state of being seriously mentally ill; madness; extreme foolishness or irrationality.
Ischemia - a decrease in the volume of blood flow in organs or tissues of a living organism (see stroke, TIA); an inadequate blood supply to an organ or part of the body, especially the heart muscles.
Macroheilia - an increase in the size of the lips.
Mania - painful attraction, madness, passion; mental illness marked by periods of great excitement or euphoria, delusions, and overactivity; an excessive enthusiasm or desire; an obsession.
Marasmus - extreme physical and mental (moral) exhaustion or impotence; undernourishment causing a child's weight to be significantly low for their age.
Melancholy - depressed mental and emotional sphere; a feeling of pensive sadness, typically with no obvious cause.
Metaplasia - is a persistent change in the type of tissue caused by a change in its functional and morphological differentiation under the influence of various stimuli; abnormal change in the nature of a tissue.
Minimally invasive - a method of diagnosis and surgical treatment with the minimum amount of trauma inflicted.
Mogiagraphy - writing spasm.
Monoplegia - paralysis of the limb; paralysis restricted to one limb or region of the body.
Mutism - speechlessness in mental illnesses; inability to speak, typically as a result of congenital deafness or brain damage; unwillingness or refusal to speak, arising from psychological causes such as depression or trauma.
Myoclonus - fast muscle twitching; spasmodic jerky contraction of groups of muscles.
Oligophasia - a low use of words due to memory loss.
Ophthalmoplegia - loss of the function of the oculomotor muscles; paralysis or weakness of the eye muscles.
Osteochondrosis - is a group of predominantly inflammatory diseases of the subchondral region of the long bones and apophyses of the short bones of the skeleton, resulting from a specific or (less often) nonspecific infection of the bones and joints; a self-limiting developmental derangement of normal bone growth, primarily involving the centers of ossification in the epiphysis.
Osteoporosis - is a rarefaction of the cancellous and cortical layers of the bone due to partial resorption of the bone substance; a health condition that weakens bones, making them fragile and more likely to break.
Palilalia - constant repetition of one word or phrase; repetition of the speaker's words or phrases, often for a varying number of repeats.
Parageusia - a perversion of taste.
Parakinesis - involuntary complexly coordinated motor acts in the form of natural movements; incorporation of a choreic or involuntary movement into a voluntary one.
Paralysis, plegia - absence of voluntary movements; loss of muscle function in part of your body.
Paramnesia - memory disorder with inability to distinguish actual from fiction; a condition or phenomenon involving distorted memory or confusions of fact and fantasy, such as confabulation or déjà vu.
Paraphasia - distortion of words and phrases; speech disturbance resulting from brain damage in which words are jumbled and sentences meaningless.
Paresis - is a weakening of voluntary muscle movements; a condition of muscular weakness caused by nerve damage or disease; partial paralysis.
Paresthesia - false sensations (numbness, tingling, insect crawling, etc.); an abnormal sensation, typically tingling or pricking (‘pins and needles’), caused chiefly by pressure on or damage to peripheral nerves.
Parosmia - olfactory hallucinations; abnormality in the sense of smell.
Perseveration - repetition of what has been said.
Perversion - distortion or corruption of the original course, meaning, or state of something; sexual behavior that is considered abnormal and unacceptable.
Poikilothymia - long cycles of mood swings.
Porencephaly (porencephalia) - one of the malformations of the brain; rare congenital disorder that results in cystic degeneration and encephalomalacia and the formation of porencephalic cysts.
Progeria - premature aging; a rare syndrome in children characterized by physical symptoms suggestive of premature old age.
Propulsion - tendency to fall forward; the action of driving or pushing forwards.
Prosopalgia - pain in the face; severe, paroxysmal bursts of pain in one or more branches of the trigeminal nerve.
- psychological assistance
- psychological correction of the psyche of people with mental disorders.
Psychotherapy - is a complex therapeutic effect on emotions, judgments and self-awareness of a person with the aim of:
Ptyalismus - abnormal proliferation of saliva; salivation.
Pyknolepsy - frequent short-term seizures; refers to a syndrome of typical absence seizures (both simple and complex) in otherwise normal, prepubertal children older than about 3 to 5 years.
Receptor - special sensitive formations that perceive and transform stimuli from the external or internal environment of the body and transmit information about the acting agent to the nervous system; an organ or cell able to respond to light, heat, or other external stimulus and transmit a signal to a sensory nerve.
Reflex - the body's reactions caused by the central nervous system when the receptors are irritated by agents of the internal or external environment; an action that is performed without conscious thought as a response to a stimulus.
Regeneration - is the restoration of lost or damaged organs and tissues by the body, as well as the restoration of the whole organism from its parts.
Retention (retentio) – delay; the continued possession, use, or control of something.
Rigidity - stiffness, numbness, tension; inability to be to bent or be forced out of shape.
Senestopathy - is a violation of sensitivity in the form of vague, diffuse and unpleasant sensations (contraction, transfusion, tingling, crawling under the skin, etc.); depressing, uncomfortable sensation in the body, which can be localized either in the internal organs or on the surface of the body.
Somnambulism – sleepwalking or noctambulism, is a phenomenon of combined sleep and wakefulness.
Stereognosis - the impossibility of identifying objects by touch; the mental perception of depth or three-dimensionality by the senses, usually in reference to the ability to perceive the form of solid objects by touch.
Symptom - sign of the disease; a physical or mental feature which is regarded as indicating a condition of disease, particularly such a feature that is apparent to the patient.
Syndactyly - congenital fusion of the fingers; condition of having some or all of the fingers or toes wholly or partly united, either naturally (as in web-footed animals) or as a malformation.
Syndrome - a certain combination of signs of the disease (see Symptom), due to a single beginning; a group of symptoms which consistently occur together, or a condition characterized by a set of associated symptoms; a characteristic combination of opinions, emotions, or behaviour.
Synergy - friendly actions; the interaction or cooperation of two or more organizations, substances, or other agents to produce a combined effect greater than the sum of their separate effects.
Synesthesia - irradiation of irritation to the opposite side in the same dermatome; the production of a sense impression relating to one sense or part of the body by stimulation of another sense or part of the body.
Synkinesia - friendly movements; voluntary muscle movement causes the simultaneous involuntary contraction of other muscles.
Verbigeration (verbigeratia) - incoherent heap of one word on another.
Vertigo – dizziness, giddiness; a sensation of whirling and loss of balance, associated particularly with looking down from a great height, or caused by disease affecting the inner ear or the vestibular nerve.